The Taman Peninsula in the Krasnodar Territory has been the center of winemaking since ancient times. Even in ancient times, the wine trade from here was conducted with other regions of the Black Sea coast and modern Europe.
During the years of Soviet power, already in 1929, the collective farm "Red Fighter" appeared here, and over time, a modern enterprise, the agricultural firm "Yuzhnaya", arose on its basis.
1956 was the date of foundation of another enterprise, the Starotitarovskiy plant. Today it is one of the most significant Eastern European and Russian farms in the winemaking industry - “Kuban-Vino”.
By 2003, both farms merged under the auspices of the Ariant holding, where they still operate today.
Since 2009, Vanda Ivanovna Botnar has been holding the post of Kuban-Vino production director. Her career path from an ordinary employee to the head of an enterprise is worthy of respect.
Since 2006, the fate of Wanda Botnari has been inextricably linked with her work in “Kuban-Vino” and the village of Starotitarovskaya. Having come here as the head of the department for the production and bottling of champagne and aged wines, by 2009 she became the head of production.
The accumulation of experience and knowledge allowed Wanda Ivanovna to become a member of the central tasting commission of the Krasnodar Territory, the owner of the Eurasian patent "Method for the production of sparkling wines."
The location of the Taman Peninsula creates a geoclimatic region that is completely unique for the south of Russia. Washed by the waves of two seas - the Black and the Azov, and the waters of the Kerch Strait, desalinated by a multitude of flowing rivers and streams, it is open to the winds, cold weather and fogs of the continental plain.
But the seas, with their slow autumn cooling, are at the same time the “hot water bottle” that maintains the moderate continental climate. Up to 60% of all grapes grown in the Krasnodar Territory are harvested in the Temryuk district. As a result, prolonged autumn heat reaches the December “pre-winter”, the frost-free period increases to 232 days. But in March and even in April, frosts are frequent. But severe frosts rarely happen here, the average minimum is at around -17 ° С, and the absolute minimum at -28 ° С was noted once in half a century of observations. Winter is not distinguished by an abundance of snow, but it is generous with a thaw.
The floods and estuaries of the two great rivers, the Don and the Kuban, and many mud pseudovolcanoes among the hills and valleys create a unique landscape. The soils - leached chestnut chernozems, alkaline-carbonate clays and loams, give rise to wines with a unique mineral flavor, which is noted by connoisseurs of fine taste.
There are almost as many sunny days here as in Sochi - 108 days.
Small daily temperature drops reduce the accumulation of sugars in ripening grapes.
Winds on Taman are sharp, frequent, with a force of up to 20-25 m / s. Somewhere in central Russia they would be considered hurricane. On average, 32 days a year winds with a speed of over 15 m / s.
For grapes, winds are useful, they remove excess moisture, abundant dew, protecting against pathogenic fungal formations. But hurricanes can severely harm vines during ripening. Fortunately, they mostly occur during the late autumn and winter seasons.
An insignificant amount of precipitation (420-510 mm, of which 210-267 mm during the growing season) compensates for the close occurrence of groundwater.
All vineyards are uncovered
More than 100 varieties
The profile purpose of the “Yuzhnaya” agrofirm is a nursery.
More than a hundred grape varieties are grown in its vineyards, with about 40% allotted to industrial crops.
Most of the classic varieties are Riesling, Chardonnay, Rkatsiteli, Merlot, Saperavi, Cabernet, Sauvignon, Pinot varieties (Gris, Blanc, Noir), and Muscats (Velvet, Tsvetochny, White, Amber).
The farm uses a mechanized method of harvesting, for which the agricultural firm has a fleet of 16 harvesters of the Gregoire and Newholand brands brought from France. One harvester is capable of replacing one hundred workers in the grape harvest. All grapes from this collection are used for the medium segment of wines, which later receive the Kuban-Vino trademark.
Premium wines are made only from grapes harvested by hand. They were subsequently given the Chateau-Taman trademark.
- 1470 vines / ha
Average planting density of vines
- 3333 vines / ha
- 12,000 hectares
The total area of agricultural land of the farm is about
- 7750 ha
The winery received a complete re-equipment, becoming part of the Ariant holding. The production equipment was brought from Italy.
Since then, Enofly consultants have been providing ongoing consulting support for oenology work.
The total annual production is 96 million bottles.
Of these, the share of "Kuban-Vino" accounts for about 57 million bottles.
French experts from the Champagne Institute of Oenology, in particular, Jerome Barre, helped to develop and lay out the lines of sparkling and so-called “still” wines. As a result, the product range is very diverse and includes wines of various price categories for all consumer groups.
The main advantages of TM "Kuban-Vino" are consistently high quality along with a democratic pricing policy.
This is clearly confirmed by the numerous distinctions (diplomas and medals) received by the Kuban-Vino enterprise annually at prestigious Russian and international specialized competitions. Since 2009, there are over 500 of them.
The nursery of the farm's seedlings, the largest in Russia (3 million / year), which has been operating since 2017, allows for a three-year perspective to plan an increase in vineyards by another 2597 hectares, as well as the acquisition of agro-industrial assets on the Taman Peninsula in the amount of 2000 hectares.
In 2015, the winery laid down 19,000 bottles of wines to commemorate its entry into the Crimean Bridge Wine Project. The number was not chosen by chance - it is equal to the length of the bridge. Dry wines of Riesling, Müller-Thurgau, Chardonnay varieties with a unique blend were selected for this action.
Two years later, the series "Angels and Demons" was released, the composition of which is unique. It is interesting because the red and white wines are “brought up” from Cabernet (red). The technology of production from this variety of white wine has not previously been used in Russian winemaking, the experience gained has been recognized by experts as a success.